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    Contents

    Decimal Pennies

    Elizabeth II's Decimal Pennies have been struck from 1971 to present day. There are currently three different types of obverse and four types of reverse. All decimal Pennies are still in circulation. All Decimal Pennies weigh approximately 3.56 grams and have diameter of 20.32 millimeters. I have listed all decimal Pennies up to 2008 not including the current reverse design as these are still being made and will be added when a new design is put into production. Eventually when the current type of Decimal coinage is changed it will be added to the catalogue.


    Decimal One Penny Varieties
    CW# Date Mintage Additional Info
    29 1971 1,521,666,250 Obv1 Rev1
    30 1971 350,000 Obv1 Rev1 G Proof
    31 1972 150,000 Obv1 Rev1 G Proof
    32 1973 280,196,000 Obv1 Rev1
    33 1973 100,000 Obv1 Rev1 G Proof
    34 1974 330,892,000 Obv1 Rev1
    35 1974 100,000 Obv1 Rev1 G Proof
    36 1975 221,604,000 Obv1 Rev1
    37 1975 100,000 Obv1 Rev1 G Proof
    38 1976 300,160,000 Obv1 Rev1
    39 1976 100,000 Obv1 Rev1 G Proof
    40 1977 285,430,000 Obv1 Rev1
    41 1977 194,000 Obv1 Rev1 G Proof
    42 1978 292,770,000 Obv1 Rev1
    43 1978 88,000 Obv1 Rev1 G Proof
    44 1979 459,000,000 Obv1 Rev1
    45 1979 81,000 Obv1 Rev1 G Proof
    46 1980 416,304,000 Obv1 Rev1
    47 1980 143,000 Obv1 Rev1 F Proof
    48 1981 301,800,000 Obv1 Rev1
    49 1981 100,000 Obv1 Rev1 F Proof
    50 1982 100,292,000 Obv1 Rev2
    51 1982 107,000 Obv1 Rev2 F Proof
    52 1983 243,002,000 Obv1 Rev2
    53 1983 108,000 Obv1 Rev2 F Proof
    54 1984 154,759,625 Obv1 Rev2
    55 1984 107,000 Obv1 Rev2 F Proof
    56 1985 200,605,245 Obv2 Rev2
    57 1985 102,000 Obv2 Rev2 F Proof
    58 1986 369,989,130 Obv2 Rev2
    59 1986 125,000 Obv2 Rev2 F Proof
    60 1987 499,946,000 Obv2 Rev2
    61 1987 89,000 Obv2 Rev2 F Proof
    62 1988 793,492,000 Obv2 Rev2
    63 1988 125,000 Obv2 Rev2 F Proof
    64 1989 658,142,000 Obv2 Rev2
    65 1989 100,000 Obv2 Rev2 F Proof
    66 1990 529,047,500 Obv2 Rev2
    67 1990 100,000 Obv2 Rev2 F Proof
    68 1991 206,457,600 Obv2 Rev2
    69 1991 56,144 Obv2 Rev2 F Proof
    70 1992  ? Obv2 Rev2 Bronze Bu Sets only
    71 1992 44,387 Ob2 Rev2 Bronze F Proof
    72 1992 253,867,000 Obv2 Rev2 Steel
    73 1992 Inc Abv Obv2 Rev3 Steel
    74 1993 602,590,000 Obv2 Rev2 Steel
    75 1993 Inc Abv Obv2 Rev3 Steel
    76 1993  ? Obv2 Rev3 Steel F Proof
    77 1994 843,834,000 Obv2 Rev2 Steel
    78 1994 Inc Abv Obv2 Rev3 Steel
    79 1994  ? Obv2 Rev3 Steel F Proof
    80 1995 303,314,000 Obv2 Rev3 Steel
    81 1995  ? Obv2 Rev3 Steel F Proof
    82 1996 723,840,060 Obv2 Rev3 Steel
    83 1996  ? Obv2 Rev3 Steel F Proof
    84 1996  ? Obv2 Rev3 Silver F Proof
    85 1997 396,874,000 Obv2 Rev3 Steel
    86 1997  ? Obv2 Rev3 Steel F Proof
    87 1998 739,770,000 Obv3 Rev3 Steel
    88 1998  ? Obv3 Rev3 Steel F Proof
    89 1999 891,392,000 Obv3 Rev3 Steel
    90 1999  ? Obv3 Rev3 Bronze Bu Sets Only
    91 1999  ? Obv3 Rev3 Bronze F Proof
    92 2000 1,060,420,000 Obv3 Rev3 Steel
    93 2000  ? Obv3 Rev3 Steel F Proof
    94 2000  ? Obv3 Rev3 Silver F Proof
    95 2001 928,698,000 Obv3 Rev3 Steel
    96 2001  ? Obv3 Rev3 Steel F Proof
    97 2002 601,446,000 Obv3 Rev3 Steel
    98 2002  ? Obv3 Rev3 Steel F Proof
    99 2002  ? Obv3 Rev3 Gold F Proof
    100 2003 539,436,000 Obv3 Rev3 Steel
    101 2003  ? Obv3 Rev3 Steel F Proof
    102 2004 739,764,000 Obv3 Rev3 Steel
    103 2004  ? Obv3 Rev3 Steel F Proof
    104 2005 536,318,000 Obv3 Rev3 Steel
    105 2005  ? Obv3 Rev3 Steel F Proof
    106 2006 524,605,000 Obv3 Rev3 Steel
    107 2006  ? Obv3 Rev3 Steel F Proof
    108 2006  ? Obv3 Rev3 Silver F Proof
    109 2007 548,002,000 Obv3 Rev2 Steel
    110 2007 Inc Abv Obv3 Rev3 Steel
    111 2007  ? Obv3 Rev3 Steel F Proof
    112 2008 180,600,000 Obv3 Rev2 Steel
    113 2008 Inc Abv Obv3 Rev3 Steel
    114 2008  ? Obv3 Rev3 Steel F Proof
    115 2008  ? Obv3 Rev3 Silver F Proof
    116 2008  ? Obv3 Rev3 Gold F Proof
    117 2008  ? Obv3 Rev3 Platinum F Proof


    Obverse Types


    Obverse 1

    Elizabeth II 1971 Penny (Obverse)

    Designer Arnold Machin

    Obverse 2

    Elizabeth II Bronze Penny (Obverse)

    Designer Raphael Maklouf

    Obverse 3

    Elizabeth II Old Head Penny (Obverse)

    Designer Ian Rank-Broadley

    Reverse Types

    Portcullis varieties.png
    There are two different Portcullis Reverse Varieties which to the untrained eye look identical but actually have large differences.


    In putting this guide to Pennies together I have noticed further variation in the Portcullis reverses. I have noticed the vertical bars on some reverses are not attached to the top horizontal bar. This requires some time to study and will be added to the guide at a later date.

    Reverse 1

    Elizabeth II 1971 New Penny (Reverse)

    Reverse 2

    Elizabeth II Bronze Penny (Reverse)

    Reverse 3

    Elizabeth II Old Head Penny (Reverse)


    Proof Types

    Gloss Proof

    Elizabeth II Gloss Proof New Penny Obverse

    To produce Gloss Proofs like this the entire die's surface is polished to obtain this perfect finish across the whole coin. The surface is highly reflective and with full luster has a very glossy quality unlike any circulation issue.

    Frosted Proof

    Elizabeth II Bronze Frosted Proof Penny Pence (Obverse)

    A Frosted Proof is a Proof coin which has a contrast between the device and the Field.The field is made perfect and flawless by polishing the die and the Frosted area is created by shot blasting it to give the die a rough surface.


    Obv1 Rev1 Circulation Coin

    Struck from 1971 to 1981 in bronze. The 1972 penny was only struck to go into proof sets these have been known to sell for as much as £8.50. The right facing portrait of Elizabeth was designed by Arnold Machin, the inscription reads "ELIZABETH·II D·G·REG·F·D·" followed by the date. The reverse design was by Christopher Ironside, it depicted a crowned portcullis with chains hanging down from either side with a 1 below the image. The reverse inscription reads "NEW PENNY". The portcullis design takes its inspiration from the portcullis badge of Henry VII.

    CW# 29

    Elizabeth II 1971 New Penny (Obverse)Elizabeth II 1971 New Penny (Reverse)

    Obv1 Rev1 Gloss Proof

    CW# 31

    Elizabeth II Gloss Proof New Penny ObverseElizabeth II Gloss Proof New Penny Reverse

    Obv1 Rev1 Frosted Proof

    CW# 49

    Elizabeth II Frosted Proof New Penny ObverseElizabeth II Frosted Proof New Penny Reverse

    Obv1 Rev2 Circulation Coin

    Struck from 1982 to 1984 and struck in bronze. It uses the same obverse by Arnold Machin as the first type. The reverse is slightly different to the first. The image is the same portcullis designed by Christopher Ironside but the inscription has changed to "ONE PENNY".

    CW# 54

    Elizabeth II Bronze 1984 Penny (Obverse)Elizabeth II Bronze 1984 Penny (Reverse)

    Obv1 Rev2 Frosted Proof

    CW# 51

    Elizabeth II Bronze Frosted Proof Penny (Obverse)Elizabeth II Bronze Frosted Proof Penny (Reverse)

    Obv2 Rev2 Circulation Coin

    Struck from 1985 to 1992 (1992 being proof only) it was the last type of Penny to be struck in bronze as the next type was debased to save money. It uses the same Christopher Ironside reverse as used in the previous type. The new obverse uses a new portrait by Raphael Maklouf, depicting Elizabeth II slightly older. The reverse inscription still reads "ELIZABETH II D·G·REG·F·D·" followed by the date.

    CW# 58

    Elizabeth II Bronze Penny (Obverse)Elizabeth II Bronze Penny (Reverse)

    Obv2 Rev2 Steel

    Struck from 1992 to 1997, the obverse and reverse were both the same as the previous type the difference is the coins metal has been debased. The coin was no longer struck in bronze because the value of copper had increased so much that the copper content in the coin was made of was above the coins face value. Instead the Pennies were made out of copper plated steel, to keep the weight the same the coin was made thicker than the original bronze Pennies. All Pennies struck 1992 and after are easily identified because they are magnetic.

    CW# 72

    Elizabeth II Steel Penny Pence (Obverse)Elizabeth II Steel Penny (Reverse)

    Obv3 Rev3 Circulation Coin

    This type was struck from 1998 to 2008, The reverse of the coin was kept the same but the portrait was redesigned by Ian Rank-Broady making Elizabeth look much older. The obverse inscription still read "ELIZABETH·II·D·G·REG F·D·" followed by the date. The Penny was still made of copper plated steel.

    I love this portrait of Elizabeth II. A lot of people comment negatively on it as it depicts Her Majesty as being elderly. They then draw the conclusion that this is unflattering. To me this portrait is honest Elizabeth II is elderly, and she has dedicated her life working for her subjects. It is not an unflattering portrait but a portrait of an experienced and wise stateswoman.


    Elizabeth II Old Head Penny (Obverse)Elizabeth II Old Head Penny (Reverse)


    New Design Part Shield Reverse

    Striking of this new design started in 2008 and is unfortunately in use still today. The abomination of a reverse design was designed by Matthew Dent. It features a small portion of the Royal Arms with the inscription ONE PENNY frankly if a primary school child designed it i would still consider their design to be unimaginative and lazy. How ever I'm sure some one at the Royal Mint likes his design as it was chosen from other designs in a competition to redesign the reverses of the coinage excluding the two pound coin. The obverse was kept the same as the previous type.

    Writing this additional comment in 2014 I can say much to my surprise that the majority of people have grown rather fond of the new reverse design. It does however upset a lot of people still to no longer have Britannia on any of our coins and her return is eagerly awaited by many (Myself included) .

    Date Mintage
    2008 Inc Abv
    2009
    2010
    2011

    Elizabeth II Shield Reverse Penny Pence (Obverse)Elizabeth II Shield Reverse Penny (Reverse)